Evidence-Based Practice


Some key references, reviews and guidelines for Evidence-Based Practice.



Van der Windt Danielle, A.W.M. et al., 2002
Therapeutic ultrasound for acute ankle sprains.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1).

Kerkhoffs GMMJ et al., 2002
Immobilisation and functional treatment for acute lateral ankle ligament injuries in adults.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3).



van Tulder M, et al., 2006 on behalf of the COST B13 Working Group on Guidelines for the Management of Acute Low Back Pain in Primary Care
Chapter 3: European guidelines for the management of acute nonspecific low back pain in primary care.
European Spine Journal, 15 Suppl 2, S169-191.

Airaksinen O, et al., 2006
European guidelines for the management of chronic nonspecific low back pain.
European Spine Journal, 15 Suppl 2, S192-300.
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National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), 2009
Low back pain: Early management of persistent non-specific low back pain.
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence.

Waddell G, McIntosh A, Hutchinson A, Feder G, Lewis M, 1999
Low back pain evidence review.
Royal College of General Practitioners, London.

Nachemson A, et al., 2000
Back pain, neck pain: an evidence based review: summary and conclusions (PDF).
Swedish Council on Technology Assessment in Health Care.

GL-Chou et al., 2009
Interventional therapies, surgery, and interdisciplinary rehabilitation for low back pain, an evidence-based clinical practice guideline from the American Pain Society.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 34 (10), 1066-1077.
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Burton AK et al., 2006
European guidelines for prevention in low back pain (PDF).
European Spine Journal, 15, Suppl 2, S136-S68.

Vleeming A, Albert HB, Ostgaard HC, Stuge B, Sturesson B, 2008
European guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of pelvic girdle pain.
European Commission Research Directorate General, 2008.



National Clinical Guideline Centre, Clinical Guideline 150, 2012
Diagnosis and management of headaches in young people and adults.
National Clinical Guideline Centre

teiner TJ, MacGregor EA, Davies, PTG, 2010 (3rd edition)
Guidelines for all healthcare professionals in the diagnosis and management of migraine, tension-type, cluster and medication-overuse headache.
British Association for the Study of Headache (BASH).

Boline PD, Kassak K, Bronfort G, Nelson C, Anderson AV, 1995
Spinal manipulation versus amitriptyline for the treatment of chronic tension-type headaches: a randomised clinical trial.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 18 (3), 148-54.
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Wight S, Osborne N, Breen, AC, 1999
Incidence of ponticulus posterior of the atlas in migraine and cervicogenic headache
J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 22 (1), 15-20.
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Nilsson N, Christensen HW, Harvigsen J, 1997
The effect of spinal manipulation in the treatment of cervicogenic headache
J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 20 (5), 326-30.
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Vernon H, Jansz G, Goldsmith CH, McDermaid C, 2009
A randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of chiropractic and medical prophylactic treatment of adults with tension-type headache: results from a stopped trial
J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 32 (5), 344-351.
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Nelson CF, Bronfort G, Evans R, Boline P, Goldsmith C, Anderson AV, 1998
The efficacy of spinal manipulation, amitriptyline and the combination of both therapies for the prophylaxis of migraine headache
J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 21 (8), 511-9.
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Fernandez-de-las-Penas C, et al., 2006
Are manual therapies effective in reducing pain from tension-type headache: a systematic review.
Clinical Journal of Pain 22 (3), 278-85.
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Gesztelvi G, Bereczki D, 2006
Determinants of disability in everyday activities differ in primary and cervicogenic headaches and in low back pain.
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 60 (3), 271-276.

Melchart D, et al., 2005
Acupuncture in patients with tension-type headache: randomised controlled trial.
BMJ. 2005 Aug 13;331(7513):376-82. Epub 2005 Jul 29.

Dalby BJ, 1993
Chiropractic diagnosis and treatment of closed head trauma: review of the literature.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther, 16 (6), 392-400.
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Norton PJ, Asmundson, GJG, 2004
Anxiety sensitivity, fear and avoidance behaviour in headache pain.
Pain, 111 (1), 218-223.
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Vernon H, 2002
Spinal manipulation in the management of tension-type migraine and cervicogenic headaches: the state of the evidence.
Topics in Clinical Chiropractic, 9 (1), 14-20.
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Yucel B, Ozyalcin S, Sertel HO, Camlica H, Ketenci A, Talu GK, 2002
Childhood traumatic events and dissociative experiences in patients with chronic headache and low back pain.
Clinical Journal of Pain, 18 (6), 394-401.
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Bronfort G, 2002
Effectiveness of non-pharmacological treatments for headache.
European Journal of Chiropractic, 49 (1), 54-7.
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Heikkila H, Johansson M, Wenngren BI, 2000
Effects of acupuncture, cervical manipulation and NSAID therapy on dizziness and impaired head repositioning of suspected cervical origin: a pilot study.
Manual Therapy, 5 (3), 151-7.
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Viikari-Juntura E, 1998
Risk factors for upper limb disorders. Implications for prevention and treatment.
Clin Orthop Relat Res, (351), 39-43.
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Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), 2002
Diagnosis and Treatment of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Extremity.
Agency for Health Care Research and Quality, US Department of Health and Human Services.

Tilscher H, Pirker-Binder I, Kollegger M, Pfeiffer F, 2005
Head, neck, shoulder, arm: workplace related? An increasing problem for women (article is in German). 'Kpf-Nacken-Schulter-Arm-Beschwerden: arbeitsplatzbedingt?'
Manuelle Medizin, 43 (1) 13-18.



Bronfort et al., 2010
Effectiveness of manual therapies: the UK evidence report (via GCC website).
Chiropractic & Osteopathy, 18, (3).

Clar C, Tsertsvadze A, Court R, Hundt G, Clarke A, Sutcliffe, P
Clinical effectiveness of manual therapy for the management of musculoskeletal and non-musculoskeletal conditions: systematic review and update of UK evidence report.
Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 22:12, 2014.



Department of Health (DoH), 2006 (Archived)
The Musculoskeletal Services Framework.
Department of Health.

National Health and Research Medical Council (NHMRC), 2003
Evidence-based management of acute musculoskeletal pain.
Australian Acute Musculoskeletal Pain Guidelines Group. University of Queensland and the Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing.
National Health and Research Medical Council, Australia.

Breen A, Langworthy J, Bagust J, 2005
Improved early pain management for musculoskeletal disorders.
Health and Safety Executive, Report no.399.



Hurwitz EL et al., 2008
Treatment of neck pain: noninvasive interventions: results of the bone and joint decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 33 (4 Suppl), S123-152.
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Spitzer WO, 1995
Scientific monograph of the Quebec task force on whiplash associated disorders: redefining "whiplash" and its management.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 20 (8 Supp), 1S-73S.
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Vasavada AN, Li S, Delp SL, 1998
Influence of muscle morphometry and moment arms on the moment-generating capacity of human neck muscles.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 23 (4), 412-22.
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Hurwitz EL, Aker PD, Adams AH, Meeker WC, Shekelle PG, 1996
Manipulation and mobilisation of the cervical spine: a systematic review of the literature.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976), 21 (15), 1746-60.
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Asmundson GJG et al., 2007
Is the latent structure of fear of pain continuous or discontinuous among pain patients? Taxometric analysis of the pain anxiety symptoms scale.
Journal of Pain, 8 (5), 387-95.

Anglo-European College of Chiropractic